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Why Do Your Gums Swell Up?

Posted on 12/7/2020 by Dr. David Welton
Why Do Your Gums Swell Up?Swollen gums are not a fun experience; typically, your gums are pink in color, but swollen gums will be red and you will usually experience high sensitivity and pain. As if that were not enough, your gums may also bleed frequently when agitated by your toothbrush or floss. Keep reading to discover why your gums swell, and what you should do about it.

Root Causes of Gum Inflammation

Your gums are a tissue that contains many blood vessels and nerves, and this tissue can become inflamed by several different events. Gingivitis is one of the most common causes of swollen gums; it is caused by tartar, which is hardened plaque on the parts of your teeth that interact with your gums—interaction with tarter causes inflammation. Tartar is not easily removed, and so you may need to schedule a cleaning appointment with us so that we can remove this source of gum irritation. Infections are another source of swollen gums, typically caused by yeast, but potentially a result of a more serious source.

Pregnancy induces all sorts of changes in the body, but one unexpected result is increased blood flow, which can increase the diameter and the movement of the blood vessels in your gums and lead to swelling; over the counter pain medication may be your best source of relief here, because the pain should reside after your pregnancy is over. Scurvy is the last source of gum inflammation that we will mention; scurvy, or severe Vitamin C deficiency, results in your body's inability to properly repair teeth and gums, which can lead to gum disease. This was not a comprehensive list of all the causes of swollen gums, so please call us if you still have questions or would like to have your gums professionally diagnosed.

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